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Glaucoma

Known as “eye pressure”, glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged by the increase in intraocular pressure. Therefore, vision of the person slowly decreases. As Glaucoma is an insidious disease recognized only in last phases, It may lead to unrepairable damages on optic nerve if it is diagnosed in its later stages. 

Main Reasons of Glaucoma:

  • Increased age
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Presbyopy
  • Long lasting cortizon treatment
  • Eye injuries

It is important for persons with the above mentioned conditions to be examined regularly for early diagnosis of the damage.

 

Who gets Glaucoma?

  • Glaucoma risk is high in persons who have intraocular pressure higher than normal, however this does not mean that every person with high intraocular pressure wil develop glaucoma.
  • Glaucoma risk is higher in persons over 60 years old.
  • Glaucoma may have connections to genetics. Persons who have glaucoma history in family have even higher risk to develop. In other words, there may be deficiency in more than one gene and this may make the patient sensitive to the disease.
  • Glaucoma risk is higher in diabetics and hypothyrodism.
  • Serious eye injuries may increase intraocular eye pressure. Other risk factors include retinal detachment, eye neoplasms and ophtalmias like chronic uveitis or iritis. Some eye surgeries may trigger secondary glaucoma development.
  • Myopy, known as near-sightedness, usually increases two times the risk of glaucoma.
  • Prolonged cortisone treatment (used as drop or mouth or skin pomade etc.) may lead secondary glaucoma development.

 

When to visit a Doctor? 

You should not wait until you have complaints. Open-angle Glaucoma does not show up until resulting in permanent nerve damage. Regular eye examination is the key to early diagnosis of glaucoma and successful preventive treatment.

Every person reaching age 40 should have complete eye examination. If you do not have any risk factor related to glaucoma, these examinations should be repeated in every 3-5 years. Examinations for persons over 60 should be repeated each year.

 

Glaucoma Treatment...

Glaucoma is treated with medications, surgery or laser methods. Glaucoma surgeries need to be practiced in operation rooms designed with latest technology by using laser devices.

After diagnosed with Glaucoma, a life-long control is necessary as it cannot be treated completely.